This frustrated the french because they made new laws and forced… Lv 7. A new book puts the country's bedrock beliefs under a microscope. An outbreak of cholera, brought by immigrants. Answer Save. [18] In fact, the merging of the Upper and Lower Canada was intended to take any form of self-government away from the French Canadians, forcing them into becoming a smaller part of the new, larger, political unit. ", Greenwood, F. Murray, and Barry Wright (2 vol 1996, 2002), This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 13:06. In the midst of this crisis of legitimacy, the Atlantic economy was thrown into recession, with the greatest impact being on farmers. How does Jonathan Swift represent women in his 'Stella's Birthday' series of poems. The Rebellion of 1837 was about many revolts and attacks against the rule of Great Britain. There were several problems that lead to the rebellions of 1837-38. They proved to be influential when the British government sent Lord Durham, a prominent reformer, to investigate the cause of the troubles. In Lower Canada they were known as the Château Clique; in Upper Canada they were known as the Family Compact. Introduction Long-Term Causes of the Rebellions The Legislative Assembly The Long and Short-Term Causes of the Rebellions of 1837-1838 The Government Elites Additional Issues in Lower Canada Additional Issues in Upper Canada The Economic Decline Connections between Upper and Many of the rebels (including Mackenzie) fled to the United States. In this lecture, historian Pascal Chevrier discusses the failure of Canada’s first and only rebellion against the British Empire as part of the Rising Tide Foundation series “Towards a Harmony of Interests: Inquiries into the True Nature of the American System” . Durham also recommended the merging of Upper and Lower Canada into a single political unit, the Province of Canada (established through the Act of Union 1840), which became the nucleus for modern-day Canada. Cause and Effect: The Canadian Rebellions of 1837 and 1838. The collapse of the international financial system imperiled trade and local banks, leaving large numbers in abject poverty. "[14] Despite being true, this interpretation underestimates the republicanism of the Patriots. There were long-term and short-term problems between the French and British in lower and upper Canada at the time. [19], In geopolitical terms the Rebellions and the subsequent Patriot War altered the landscape of relations between Britain and British colonial authorities on one hand, and the American government on the other. There were two types of rebellions in Upper and Lower Canada. By the time the crisis ended in 1838, hundreds had been killed, thousands were refugees, and … The British believed the lesson of the American Revolution was to restrain the power of the people. Some historians contend that the rebellions in 1837 ought to be viewed in the wider context of the late 18th- and early 19th-century Atlantic revolutions. Among the recommendations in his report was the establishment of responsible government for the colonies, one of the rebels' original demands (although it was not achieved until 1849). The time line of this proposal will include events prior to the actual rebellions as they are significant to the understanding of the causes of these uprisings. Great Britain's Chartists sought the same democratic goals. As they evolved into the Patriot War, the Rebellions contributed to the construction of more recent Anglo-American and Canada-US relations. In Lower Canada there was the agricultural crisis that caused a large number of starvations, to the French and English political and social problems within the colony. There is continuing debate about who was responsible for the rebellion and the degree of popular support it enjoyed. [9] The raids did not end until the rebels and Hunters were defeated at the decisive Battle of Windsor, nearly a year after the first defeat near Montgomery's Tavern. The Rebellions of 1837 began after Papineau's rights were denied by the governor to 92 resolutions of reform.Papineau had thought it was important that the people of Lower Canada should have a more suitable government, rather than the small oligarchy.After his rights were denied he led the Patriotes against the Oligarchy gov't. 1 decade ago. By the time the crisis ended in 1838, hundreds had been killed, thousands were refugees, and … Essays On The Lower Canada Rebellion. [10] The colonies, however, lacked the aristocratic element, and found their non-elective Legislative Councils dominated by local oligarchies that controlled local trade and the institutions of state and religion. [citation needed], Those rebels who were arrested in Upper Canada following the 1837 uprisings were put on trial, and most were found guilty of insurrection against the Crown. [ 14 ] Despite being true, this interpretation underestimates the republicanism of the troubles uprisings necessary... Of armed conflict soon thereafter fighting for Democracy and Independence under a.! La Liberté ( `` Sons of Liberty '' ) as the Family.! Rights were denied he led the Patriotes against the oligarchy gov't, 19-21 ) the system of the... Popular support it enjoyed into power and took control of Upper Canada and Canada. The rule of Great Britain 's Australian prison colonies both administration and society ( Read, 19-21 ) province. 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