[3], Reinhard Scheer entered the navy on 22 April 1879 aged 15 as a cadet. [44] On 24 October 1918, the order was given to sail from Wilhelmshaven. Ship Wreck Heavy Cruiser "Admiral Scheer" Second World War (1939-1945) Kiel; Germany Schleswig-Holstein Kiel; This heavy German cruiser was sunk by five Tallboy bombs on 9 April 1945. As the 'Admiral Scheer' came nearer the captain realized what a great opportunity was being presented. Website about the armoured ships/heavy cruisers Deutschland/Lützow & Admiral Scheer & Admiral Graf Spee. The ship's top speed was 28.3 knots (52.4 km/h; 32.6 mph), at 54,000 PS (53,260 shp; 39,720 kW). This required Meendsen-Bohlken to have total tactical and operational control of his ship; shore-based commands would be unable to direct the mission. May 31, 2016 - Admiral Scheer, Deutschland-class heavy cruiser, February 1941 Text: Kaj Metz; Photos: Ralf … [42] Fregattenkapitän Ernst Gruber served as the ship's acting commander at the end of November. During the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), the Scheer conducted several non-intervention patrols off the coast of Spain. By 1945, the anti-aircraft battery had again been reorganized and comprised six 4 cm guns, eight 3.7 cm guns, and thirty-three 2 cm guns. Originally classified as an armored ship (Panzerschiff) by the Reichsmarine, in February 1940 the Germans reclassified the remaining two ships of this class as heavy cruisers. At a cruising speed of 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph), the ship could steam for 9,100 nautical miles (16,900 km; 10,500 mi). [50], The heavy cruiser Admiral Scheer was named after Reinhard Scheer and christened by his daughter Marianne. Armed with six 28 cm (11 in) guns in two triple gun turrets, Admiral Scheer and her sisters were designed to outgun any cruiser fast enough to catch them. DKM Admiral Scheer History: Named for Admiral Reinhard Scheer, commander-in-chief of the German Navy during World War I. Sevice in Nonintervention Patrol during Spanish Civil War, 1936-37. He wrote his autobiography in 1925. it is in the furthest away dock behind the red arrow. The volume H. J. Brennecke has written in collaboration with Adm. Theodor Krancke, which its publishers call "Pocket Battleship: The Story of the Admiral Scheer" (published in … Read more posts (21 remaining) While en route to the rendezvous point, Lützow and three destroyers ran aground, forcing the entire group to abandon the operation. But now Germany has a new naval commander, as Admiral Reinhard Scheer succeeds the unwell Hugo von Pohl. [47] The number of casualties from her loss is unknown. Pirie 'You're right. [29] The High Seas Fleet reached the Jade between 13:00 and 14:45 on 1 June; Scheer ordered the undamaged battleships of the I Battle Squadron to take up defensive positions in the Jade roadstead while the Kaiser-class battleships were to maintain a state of readiness just outside Wilhelmshaven. [45] In an attempt to suppress the mutiny, the High Seas Fleet squadrons were dispersed. Today, the remnants of the bunker and its contents form part of the newly built port terminal. Admiral Scheer's Arado seaplanes located the convoy on 5 November 1940,[18] The armed merchant cruiser HMS Jervis Bay, the sole escort for the convoy, issued a report of the German raider and attempted to prevent her from attacking the convoy, which was ordered to scatter under cover of a smoke screen. [a], The ship was nominally under the 10,000 long tons (10,000 t) limitation on warship size imposed by the Treaty of Versailles, though with a full load displacement of 15,180 long tons (15,420 t), she significantly exceeded it. Twenty-four of the convoy's thirty-five transports were sunk. Close Photo: Okänd fotograf / Marinmuseum Attribution + ShareAlike (BY-SA) Accept license and download photo Panzerschiff "Admiral Scheer." [43] Admiral Scheer was hit by bombs and capsized. [18] Admiral Scheer was modified during the early months of 1940, including the installation of a new, raked clipper bow. Skagerraktag (Skagerrak Day) was observed in Germany until the end of the Second World War and, when German re-armament gathered pace in the 1930s, the ‘pocket battleship’ Admiral Scheer, cruiser Admiral Hipper and a number of destroyers were named after their Jutland heroes. [5], After his return to Germany in 1886, Scheer took part in torpedo training aboard SMS Blücher, from January to May 1888. Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History 9 April 1945 – World War II: The German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer is sunk by the Royal Air Force Admiral Scheer was a Deutschland-class heavy cruiser (often termed a pocket battleship) which served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II.The vessel was named after Admiral Reinhard Scheer… Admiral Scheer is a battlecruiser based on German cruiser Admiral Scheer. On 2 July, the ship sortied as part of the attempt to intercept Arctic convoy PQ-17. HMS Jervis Bay was a British liner later converted into an armed merchant cruiser, pennant F40. Admiral Scheer then steamed to the Seychelles north of Madagascar, where she found two merchant vessels with her Arado floatplanes. He thereafter took command of the III Battle Squadron,[10] which consisted of the most powerful battleships in the German fleet: the dreadnoughts of the Kaiser and König classes. [10] Until the end of 1944 Admiral Scheer was part of the Fleet Training Group. "We were ready for anything. Gneisenau, Admiral Graf Spee, Admiral Scheer, and Deutschland steamed in a line during the German Naval Review of Aug 1938. Mopan sighted by Admiral Scheer, and sinking. Shells from her second salvo struck the bridge and killed her commander, Edward Fegen VC. [43] As Von der Tann and Derfflinger passed through the locks that separated Wilhelmshaven's inner harbor and roadstead, some 300 men from both ships climbed over the side and disappeared ashore. Scheer led the German fleet at the Battle of Jutland on 31 May – 1 June 1916, one of the largest naval battles in history. Admiral Scheer then moved off on her own to operate in the Indian Ocean, off Mozambique, where she received orders to return home.On her way back, she was sighted by a reconnaissance aircraft from the British cruiser Glasgow, and a massive search operation was launched to engage the German pocket battleship. ... Admiral Scheer 1939 - 1:1000 Ship Model (Amercom ST-19) Brand: Admiral Scheer 1939. He was highly critical of Admiral Friedrich von Ingenohl, who he felt was overcautious. 9.--The villa at Weimar of Admiral von Scheer who commanded the German fleet at the Battle of Jutland has been the scene of one of … It was partly salvaged after the war, while the remaining parts are still in the harbor. A destroyer escort joined the ship for the voyage to Kiel, which they reached on 1 April. [10] In December 1942, Admiral Scheer returned to Wilhelmshaven for major overhaul, where she was attacked and slightly damaged by RAF bombers. Admiral Scheer [ˌatmiˈʁaːl ʃeːɐ̯] was a Deutschland-class heavy cruiser (often termed a pocket battleship) which served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II. The German Deutschland class cruiser Admiral Scheer, circa … [21] Admiral Scheer sank Jervis Bay within 22 minutes, but the engagement delayed the German ship long enough for most of the convoy to escape. In 1916 Admiral Scheer took command of the 3rd Battle Squadron, which consisted of the newest and most powerful battleships in the High Seas Fleet. Admiral Scheer received only minor modifications until after the outbreak of the Second Word War when, during her refit at Wilhelmshaven from February to July 1940, the heavy tower structure was removed and replaced by a lighter tubular structure on the lines of Deutschland (now renamed Lutzow), although the layout differed. Mid to late 30s Or are you interested in war medals and their recipients? [8] She was completed slightly over a year and a half later on 12 November 1934, the day she was commissioned into the German fleet. Admiral Scheer [ˌatmiˈʁaːl ʃeːɐ̯] was a Deutschland-class heavy cruiser (often termed a pocket battleship) which served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II. All offer free WiFi and some feature views of Laboe Harbor. Check-in at Hotel Admiral Scheer is … 2012 | New tool + Actions Stash. Although nominally 10,000 tons, Admiral Graf Spee probably displaced 14,000 tons (the Germans having cheated on the Versailles limits). Scheer spent the majority of the remainder of the year debating the issue with the naval command. [13], Vice Admiral Scheer became Commander in chief of the High Seas Fleet on 18 January 1916 when Pohl became too ill to continue in that post. Looking for reliable information or news facts about WW2? The hotel features a seafood restaurant, Heimathafen, which sources fresh fish from the harbor … The main battery turrets had 140 mm (5.5 in) thick faces and 80 mm thick sides. The Grand Fleet would be forced to abandon the distant blockade and would have to attack the German fleet; the Kaiser approved the memorandum on 23 February 1916. During the first attack at the beginning of the War the Admiral Scheer had to suffer only slight damages. As the first part of the ship, the main rangefinder was salvaged in March 2004. [3] Naval rearmament was not popular with the Social Democrats and the Communists in the German Reichstag, so it was not until 1931 that a bill was passed to build a second Panzerschiff. He was assigned to the crew of the frigate SMS Bismarck. Operation Catechism – the Tirpitz is finally sunk – World War II Today. [1], Admiral Scheer saw heavy service with the German Navy, including a deployment to Spain during the Spanish Civil War, where she bombarded the port of Almería. [34] On 23 April 1918, Scheer sent the entire High Seas Fleet to intercept one of the convoys. By 1940 the ship's anti-aircraft battery was significantly increased, consisting of six 10.5 cm (4.1 in) C/33 guns, four twin-mounted 3.7 cm (1.5 in) C/30 guns and up to twenty-eight 2 cm (0.79 in) Flak 30 guns. [42] The plan involved two simultaneous attacks by light cruisers and destroyers, one on Flanders and another on shipping in the Thames estuary; the five battlecruisers were to support the Thames attack while the dreadnoughts remained off Flanders. [36] The British detected the German departure and ordered the convoy to scatter. 1 Introduction 2 Namesake 3 Profile 4 Attributes 5 Quotes 6 Trivia 7 External Links Launched in 1933, Admiral Scheer was one of three Deutschland-class heavy cruisers that served the Kriegsmarine during the Second World War. Do you have more information about this location? Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History 5 November 1940 – World War II: The British armed merchant cruiser, HMS Jervis Bay, is sunk by the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer. Or are you interested in war medals and their recipients? Add to folder Created with Sketch. The raider encountered and sank a fourth ship the following day, the 2,542 GRT Dutch steamer Rantaupandjang, though she too was able to send a distress signal before she sank. [19] On 27 July, the ship was pronounced ready for service. [20] Her B-Dienst radio intercept equipment identified the convoy HX 84, sailing from Halifax, Nova Scotia. She was launched in 1922, and sunk on 5 November 1940 by the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer. [43], KzS Ernst-Ludwig Thienemann, the ship's final commander, took command of Admiral Scheer in April 1944. Consequently, Admiral Scheer moved to the less exposed port of Swinemünde. [8] In September 1936 KzS Otto Ciliax had replaced Marschall as the ship's commanding officer. As designed, her standard complement consisted of 33 officers and 586 enlisted men, though after 1935 this was significantly increased to 30 officers and 921–1,040 sailors. ), admiral who commanded the German High Seas Fleet at the Battle of Jutland (1916). Mid to late 30s. He’s only been in there twice before today; their loathing is mutual. [44], Scheer wrote his memoirs of the Great War in 1919,[46] which were translated into English the following year. Reinhard Scheer, (born Sept. 30, 1863, Obernkirchen, Hanover [Germany]—died Nov. 26, 1928, Marktredwitz, Ger. Scheer entered the German navy in 1879 and by … Suddenly he said to Lieut. By October 1935, the ship was ready for her first major cruise, when on 25–28 October she visited Madeira, returning to Kiel on 8 November. In 1919, Scheer wrote his memoirs; a year later they were translated and published in English. "It was that same night that the Admiral Scheer attacked the Jervis Bay convoy", Braid recalled. Vice Admiral Ralph Leatham, the commander of the East Indies Station, deployed the carrier Hermes and cruisers Capetown, Emerald, Hawkins, Shropshire, and the Australian HMAS Canberra to join the hunt. [29], The British cruiser HMS Glasgow, which was patrolling in the area, received both messages from Admiral Scheer's victims. By keeping the remaining German capital ships — Tirpitz, Scharnhorst, Admiral Scheer, Lutzow, and Admiral Hipper — in Norway, they threatened the Arctic convoys. This was to increase to at least an additional 30 per month by the third quarter of 1919. Pirie remarked 'I think this is a German battleship', but our captain at first thought it was only a destroyer. She returned to the Mediterranean between August and October, however. Upon entering the Kara Sea, she encountered heavy ice; in addition to searching for merchant shipping, the Arado floatplane was used to scout paths through the ice fields. An uncleared minefield prevented her from reaching Kiel, and so she unloaded her passengers in Swinemünde. During the repair process, most of the ship's crew went ashore. [37], In August 1942, she conducted Operation Wunderland, a sortie into the Kara Sea to interdict Soviet shipping and attack targets of opportunity. She reached port on 30 August without having achieved any significant successes. [27] Scheer then ordered the fleet to adopt the night cruising formation, which was completed by 23:40. During the operation, she sank 113,223 gross register tons (GRT) of shipping, making her the most successful capital ship surface raider of the war. His first cruise aboard Niobe lasted from June to September 1879. She was partially broken up for scrap after the end of the war, though part of the hull was left in place and buried with rubble from the attack in when the inner harbours were filled in post-war. Following the incident, Scheer retreated into solitude. Hotel Admiral Scheer offers maritime-themed accommodations in the Baltic sea-side town of Laboe. Three were launched between 1931 and 1934: Deutschland, Admiral Scheer and Admiral Graf Spee. He argued that it was the only option to defeat Great Britain. Now that he had approval from the Kaiser, Scheer could use the fleet more aggressively. Gneisenau, Admiral Graf Spee, Admiral Scheer, and Deutschland steamed in a line during the German Naval Review of Aug 1938: Panzerschiff Admiral Graf Spee's forward 11-inch triple-gun turret, circa 1939 : Deutschland and either Admiral Scheer or Admiral Graf Spee, English Channel, Apr 1939: Panzerschiff Admiral Graf Spee in the English Channel, Apr 1939, photo 1 of 3: Panzerschiff Admiral … . Serving with the Kriegsmarine (German Navy) during World War 2, the Admiral Scheer was aptly named after German Admiral Reinhard Scheer who commanded the Kaiserliche Marine High Seas Fleet at the Battle of Jutland, the largest naval battle of World War 1. [6] Her keel was laid on 25 June 1931,[7] under construction number 123. As a result the British dubbed them ‘pocket battleships'. In May 1888, Scheer returned to the East Africa Squadron as a torpedo officer aboard the corvette SMS Sophie. Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images Inform us! The vessel was named after Admiral Reinhard Scheer, German commander in the Battle of Jutland. This is why the Germans decided on a risky “divide and conquer” tactic; they would conduct raids in the Northern Sea and bombard the English coast, thus aggravating the British Navy, forcing them to commit reckless attacks, without enough strat… [30], After the battle was finished, Scheer wrote an assessment of the engagement for the Kaiser; in it, he strongly urged for the resumption of the unrestricted submarine warfare campaign in the Atlantic. On 8 September, the ship left Oslo and returned to Swinemünde. He then took command of the III Battle Squadron, which consisted of the newest and most powerful battleships in the navy. Remove from folder Order image Created with Sketch. The Admiral Scheer slipped quietly into the Atlantic on October 14th, 1940, searching for a convoy target. However, German naval historian Holger Herwig suggested the program was "a massive propaganda effort designed to have an effect at home and abroad. Ship Wreck Heavy Cruiser "Admiral Scheer" This is a part of. Particularly noteworthy was the bombing of the Spanish Republican positions off Almeria, in retaliation for the previous attack on her sister ship Deutschland by a Loyalist Spanish plane. At the beginning of 1942, she was sent to Trondheim, Norway in order to repel a possible allied invasion, and to attack the Russia-bound Arctic convoys. [24] At 18:55, Scheer decided to conduct another 16-point turn to launch an attack on the British fleet;[25] he later explained his reasoning: It was as yet too early to assume 'night cruising order.' Today in Naval History - Naval / Maritime Events in History 5 November 1940 – World War II: The British armed merchant cruiser, HMS Jervis Bay, is sunk by the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer. In August 1918, Scheer was promoted to the Chief of Naval Staff; Admiral Franz von Hipper replaced him as commander of the fleet. The ship sent off a distress signal, which the German raider deliberately allowed, to draw British naval forces to the area. Pohl was exceedingly cautious; in the remainder of 1915, he conducted only five ineffective fleet actions, all of which remained within 120 nautical miles of Helgoland. The Jade Bight is the German Scapa Flow. Pitted again Admiral John Jellicoe of the British Grand Fleet, both sides fought a long strategic battle with no obvious winner with brilliant manoeuvres from both sides. Scheer was born in Obernkirchen, present-day Lower Saxony. The remaining bombs also failed to explode. She was part of the abortive attack on Convoy PQ 17 and conducted Operation Wunderland, a sortie into the Kara Sea. Graf Spee enters the harbor of Montevideo after the battle for the River Plate. In 1918 Scheer was appointed head of the Supreme Naval Command by the … [4] During the assignment, in December 1884, Scheer participated in a landing party that suppressed a pro-British indigenous chieftain in Kamerun. Admiral Scheer sailed on 14 October 1940 and his first target was convoy HX-84 from Halifax Nova Scotia, which had been identified by B-Dienst radio intercepts. At the outbreak of World War I, Scheer was the commander of the II Battle Squadron of the High Seas Fleet. [21] Upon reaching the High Seas Fleet, Vice Admiral David Beatty's battlecruisers turned back to the north to lure the Germans towards the rapidly approaching Grand Fleet, under the command of Admiral John Jellicoe. Stories, photographs, technical details, drawings, models, discussion forum and much more. [15] The second group of five Blenheims were confronted by the alerted German defenses, which shot down four of the five bombers. On the night of 31 October she slipped through the Denmark Strait and broke into the open Atlantic. Source. Saved by Rob Newman. During the first attack at the beginning of the War the Admiral Scheer had to suffer only slight damages. The ship sailed to Melbourne, Australia, Yokohama, Kobe, and Nagasaki in Japan, and Shanghai, China during the trip. [30] In the course of her raiding operation, she had steamed over 46,000 nautical miles (85,000 km) and sunk seventeen merchant ships for a total of 113,223 GRT. [26] Between 18 and 20 January Admiral Scheer captured three Allied merchant ships totalling 18,738 gross register tons (GRT),[27] including the Norwegian oil tanker Sandefjord. Thus far in his career, Scheer had made a strong reputation for himself as a torpedo specialist. 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